An Eye on Blood Sugar Levels
Blood sugar refers to the sugar that is transported through the bloodstream to supply energy to all the cells in our body. Blood sugar level is the amount of sugar or glucose in the blood of a human being. The glucose, a type of sugar, is the one in the blood stream that feeds the cells. As a metabolic process, in the human body regulates the blood glucose levels from going too high or too low. Blood sugar levels are usually low in the mornings before any food intake but gradually rise and fall after every meal and or exercise.
There are two main conditions resulting in fluctuations in the blood sugar levels. When blood sugar levels are consistently too high in the bloodstream, it causes “hyperglycemia”. And when they are too low, it causes “hypoglycemia” or “low blood sugar”.
Hyperglycemia occurs when the body either does not produce insulin or insulin produced cannot be utilised. It affects people with diabetes, which is the most prominent disease related to the failure of regulation of blood sugar levels. A normal blood sugar level taken after fasting for eight hours is 70 and 99mg/dl. If it is greater than 200mg/dl it is diagnosed as hyperglycemia. Elevated blood sugar levels slowly destroy the ability of cells in your pancreas to make insulin and over time risks permanently damaging the pancreas. Hyperglycemia can cause changes that leads to thickening of blood vessels called “atherosclerosis”. Although the exact cause of hyperglycemia is unknown, factors that may signal an increased risk are the presence of damaging immune system cells, family history (genetic), environmental factor (exposure to viral illness), high blood pressure, lack of exercise, dietary factors etc. Risks of hyperglycemia include cardiovascular complications, eye problems, nerve and brain problems and kidney problems. If it is left untreated it can become severe and cause a lot of health concerns.
Hypoglycemia can occur when you take medicines for diabetes and it lowers the blood sugar levels too much, increased activity than usual, and when you consume fewer carbohydrates and taking pills for diabetes can also lower blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia is mild with visible symptoms like shaky and sweaty hands and heart pounds. If treated quickly and appropriately it causes more of an inconvenience than health concerns. Risks of severe hypoglycemia are seizures, mental confusion, unconsciousness etc.
Testing And Managing Blood Glucose
Those who are diabetic have a major concern with what is going on with their blood glucose. Managing this level will make sure that the patient will be able to get everything that they will need to not have their eyesight or limbs in jeopardy.
The first thing that a diabetic will need to have is blood glucose meters. These are devices which will allow you to be able to measure the amount of glucose in the blood by sampling just a single drop. The ability to pick the perfect meter which is most accurate and easy to use is possible when reading the blood glucose meter review.
When you have purchased the perfect meter, you will need to make sure that you are testing your blood several times a day. The most common time to do this is right before meal times. The amount of the blood glucose level will play a part in what you should be eating whenever you are sitting down to eat.
Maintaining good normal blood glucose levels is possible in most cases by simply regulating what you are eating in relation to your blood sugar levels. You will be able to limit starches and sugars at some meals whenever your glucose blood sugar is high and increase it whenever it is low.
The biggest danger of when you have low blood glucose is that you will feel faint and that your body will not get enough of the nutrients it needs. By eating a little sugar, you will be able to maintain a better equilibrium in your body. This is especially true of those who have bad conditions associated with their diabetes.
Whenever you have high blood glucose, you might need to take an insulin shot. This will help in providing your body much of the insulin it is being robbed of as a result of your pancreas not producing enough. This happens whenever your body is fooled into believing that it does not need it and the pancreas will start to shut down production. While this will not solve the problem of the organ issue, it will provide your body more of the insulin it needs.